Putnam/ Dougherty family genealogy

holmes-branch-image-cropThere are lots of enhanced family stories that I recall from my childhood. One of them revolves around this family line. The Holmes family makes it’s first appearance in our tree when Susannah marries William Francis in Mt. Sterling, Ohio.
Apparently not only was grandma Dougherty one to embellish on the notoriety of a family name but so did the Francis’. Instead of just saying that “great grandma was a Holmes, you know like Oliver Wendell Holmes.” I was led to believe that “we are related to Oliver Wendell Holmes.”
Well, there has been no direct connection found to date, to prove any relationship to the “Oliver Wendell Holmes”. The Jurist Oliver was born in Boston to Oliver and Amelia (Jackson) Holmes in 1841. While Susannah Holmes was born 22 Nov, 1806 in the Shenandoah Valley , Virginia.

The Holmes name is a recurring surname on our tree. Susannah Holmes is the daughter of Peter and Elizabeth (Redman) Holmes. Peter’s sister Sabitha or Tabitha Holmes married Joseph Francis , Sabitha and Joseph have a son, William Henry Francis. William Henry married Susannah Holmes his first cousin on 29 July 1826. In my last blog I wrote about William Henry Francis.

I always thought that first cousins should not marry and have children, because those children are at a higher risk of being born with a birth defect. But looking into the genetics a little closer it appears that the increased risk is a very small percentage and the practice is less frowned upon then I had supposed and even some cultures encourage the practice. It might be prudent to have a clear understanding for all of us to know more about our own genetics if we want to have ” perfect children”. And now exactly what is “perfect”?  Who’s to say? William and Susan had 12 children? Were the odds against them having 12 perfect children? It was a hardship just physically for Susannah to give birth to that many children in the first half of the 1800’s. The likelihood that they would not survive their childhood was high. Infant mortality rates were not recorded in the 1800’s but looking at the statistics in our own family it appears that approximately two (2) out of ten (10) children did not make it to becoming adults. By 1930 in the United States the infant mortality was about 30 per 1,000 births and is now around 6 per 1,000.

In the 1830 US Census for Hopewell, Ohio we find Peter Holmes (Susannah’s brother) and his family living nextdoor to William Francis (Susannah’s husband) and their family.

1830 US census Hopewell, Muskingum, Ohio

1830 US census
Hopewell, Muskingum, Ohio

In looking at the specifics (click on image to enlarge) William Francis is head of household with 1 male less then 5 years of age, 1 male between the age of 5 & 10, one male age 30 to 40 (William), one female less then 5 years of age, and one female between 20 and 30 years of age (Susannah). Referring to the 1850 US census, where we have everyone in the household named, we find that the male 0-5 is most likely Simon and the male 5-10 may be Thomas, William’s son from his first wife, since William and Susannah have only been married for 4 years. The female 0 to 5 years of age would be Sabthia Ann.

1840 US Census Hopewell Ohio

1840 US Census Hopewell Ohio

Here in the 1840 US Census we see the family has grown, there are now 3 boys and 4 girls. In trying to put names to the tick marks in the census record, the boys,  Simon and Thomas may be the older children and George may be counted as younger then he was, otherwise Thomas may not be living at home and it is George and Simon as the older boys and perhaps another boy who did not survive to the 1850 census. The girls are straightforward; Susanna the youngest, Margaret and Mary next, then Sabitha Ann is about 12 in this census.

1850 US Census Hopewell Ohio

1850 US Census Hopewell Ohio

In the 1850 US Census we find that William is no longer with the family and at 44 Susannah has 10 children at home which includes twin boys 3 years of age, one of the twins (James) is listed as idiotic.


In 24 December 1851 Sabitha Ann is reported as dying.¹


1860 US Census Mt. Sterling Ohio

1860 US Census Mt. Sterling Ohio

By the 1860 US census Susannah has moved to her parents home which was near by. Susannah is 54 and her parent are 80 and 73.

The children living there are Simon(31 y) , Peter (22 y), Susanna (18 y), and James (12 y) who is now listed as “born blind”. Jesse is not listed in the house hold but is not reported¹ as dying until 1898. Mary Isabella is listed¹ as dying 7 October 1859. Mary is also noted as being blind in the Francis Family of Fauquier County, Virginia¹

In May of 1862 Susannah loses her son Andrew at Stoney Point Tennessee¹. There is an Andrew Francis buried at Shiloh National Cemetery who was a private in the 78th Ohio Infantry that fought at Shiloh 6 April 1862.

Susannah’s father Peter Holmes also died in 1862 and her mother died in 1869.

1870 US Census West Zanesville, Ohio

1870 US Census West Zanesville, Ohio

This census shows Susannah 64 with sons Peter and Jesse F. now Jesse is listed as Blind.

In the 1880 census Peter is listed as a Widow as is his mother Susannah. Jesse is listed as blind.

1880 US Census Mt. Sterling, Ohio

1880 US Census Mt. Sterling, Ohio

In 1882 her son Simon Henry dies. Simon had married an Emily Holmes (daughter of George Holmes and Alicinda Fry), not sure how close a relative she was.

In 1893 son Peter Gilmore dies in Visalia California. His tombstone indicates that he was in Co. H  113 Ohio during the Civil War.

In 1896 on 02 April, Susannah (Holmes) Francis dies. She is buried in the Mt. Sterling Cemetery, Muskingum county, Ohio.

There are lots of questions to be answered.

We still need:

  • The military records for Andrew and Peter to understand more their parts in the the American Civil War.
  • Peters marriage.
  • Jesse and James were they both blind, the same person, or when James died and why.
  • Death or Probate for Susannah

It appears we have only skimmed the surface on the Susannah story. With the large family she had and the challenges that Jesse and Mary had to face she must have lead a stressful life. Peter stayed with his mother until her death and then he travelled out to California where other family members had previously located.

¹The Francis family of Fauquier County, Virginia by Albert Oscar Felchlia, (out of print) available at the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah and also available on microfilm.







164c45e7-2fcb-41e3-af1c-18e21c31c53dThis will be my 91st post and “I’m not done yet.” I started this blog back in February of 2014. I have covered a lot of our relatives but there is always something new to learn. I started researching the Family History way back in 1985 for my parents 50th wedding anniversary. This week my husband and I will be celebrating our own 50th anniversary.  It seems like it could not really be 50 years that Roy and I have been married. I do not even feel 50.  We have so many more things to do it will take another 50 years if time continues to speed by. I do digress, sorry. About this genealogy stuff.  In researching this weeks ancestor, I was pleasantly surprised to notice that this week played a role in one of his marriages also.

My goal is to complete the 32’s this year. The 32’s are our 3rd great grandparents. Now that we have Julia Marsh’s parents most likely identified I shall move on to the Francis line. This is my grandmother Etta Jane’s surname.

Etta’s (better known to me and my siblings as Gay) parents were Gilmore and Carrie (Batson) Francis who I have previously written about (see 52 Ancestors- Carrie Batson Mail Order bride? and 52 Ancestors -33- Gilmore C. Francis- gramps ). Gilmore’s father was George Washington Francis and his mother was Clementine Jane Shipp.

George’s father was William Henry Francis. Most of what we know about William initially came from the Francis Family of Fauquier County, Virginia  published in 1992 by Albert O. Felchlia. My sister Madeleine has done the research on the Francis line. This family book she has used as a starting point for some of our research, but we know the mistakes in our immediate family and therefore have taken the information with a look toward proving or disproving the information found in Felchlia’s book, and that is where we are with William, trying to prove or disprove his role in the Mexican War.

Here is what Francis Family of Fauquier County, Virginia  has to say about William H Francis.

Francis Family Farquaire VA pg8w wateermark

Francis Family of Fauquier County, Virginia

(Click on image to enlarge)

Data on this family supplied by Diane Pheneger, Granville, OH

F141  William Henry b. ca 1798, Fauquier Co. VA………………..

F141  William Henry Francis m 6 Sept 1821¹, Fauquier Co, VA to

F141a  Delilah Dennison

             Parents: Thomas Dennison

             Bondsmen: William Francis and Thomas Dennison


F1411 Joseph Thomas b. 15 May 1822, Fauquier Co, VA, d. Columbus, OH

F141 William Henry Francis m. (2nd) 20 July 1826, Muskingum Co, OH to

F141b  Susanna Holmes b 22 Nov, 1806, VA

              Parents: Peter & Elizabeth (Redman) Holmes

             Resided: Muskingum Co, Oh

             William d 1848, Texas, drowned in Mexican War

             Susanna d 2 Apr 1896, bur Mt Sterling, OH


So according to the Francis Family book, William was born about 1798 in Fauquier county Virginia to Joseph and Tabitha /Sabitha (Holmes) Francis. A Transcribed Marriage bonds index of Fauquier county (by John K. Gott) shows a Wm. Francis and Delilah Dennison original bond dated Sept. 8, 1821 and the date of marriage ….  .. 1822.

Not much for pinning down a marriage date here.

Madeleine found in an 1820 Deed  (recorded 6/22/1820) for 250 acres in Muskingum Co. Ohio being sold by a Joseph Evans and his wife Mary to a William Francis of Muskingum.

The 1840 census for Mt. Sterling , Ohio does not list family members by name, Just head of household but we can determine from the age grouping and known information of William and Susannah’s children who was at home in this census.

1840 US Census Mt. Sterling, Muskingum Co., Ohio

1840 US Census
Mt. Sterling, Muskingum Co., Ohio

The Males (ages) <5 = 1 (Peter Gilmore), 10<15 = 2 ( George Washington and Simon Henry), 30<40 = 1 (William Henry).

The Females (ages) <5 = 1 ( Mary Isabella), 5<10 = 2 ( Margaret Elizabeth and Laleth Ann), 10<15=1 (Sabitha Ann), 30<40 =1 (Susannah).

The 1850 US Census and later, shows Susannah as a widow. The information that William Henry died in 1848 is presumed correct. While we can find Susannah (Holmes) Francis on a “Findagrave” we are unable to find any documentation of a grave for William Francis in Muskingum county Ohio.

Records needed-

  1. original Marriage bond for William and Delilah in Fauquier Co. Virginia.
  2. Death of Delilah Dennison Francis in VA?
  3. Marriage record of Susannah (Holmes) and William H. Francis in Muskingum county Ohio.
  4. War records for William H. Francis – Mexican War 1846-1848.

While looking for Mexican War records for William H. Francis the following Index card has been found.

General Index card from Family Search United States Mexican War Service Records 1846-1848

General Index card
from FamilySearch.org
United States Mexican War Service Records 1846-1848

There were no records in this file for a William Francis from Ohio. Also in searching on Ohio’s list of Volunteers for the Mexican War there were no William Francis’ found. Any help on researching William Henry Francis and his demise would be greatly appreciated



Civil WarflagsThe election of 1860 was apparently a very contentious election. Abraham Lincoln was sworn into office in January of 1861 and South Carolina immediately seceded from the union and six other states quickly follow. Oct of 1862 at 20 years of age we found that John Lyle Dougherty joined the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry. By July of 1863 John is riding from the battle at Gettysburg to Hagerstown where he is wounded by a possible sniper. The mini ball that struck John lodged in his left leg.  John Lyle’s younger brother Clark Dougherty joins the Confederate army, when and where we have not yet established. Another ancestor on my mothers side, Joseph A. Ferguson, was mustered in to the 1st New York Mounted Rifles in August of 1862. Now looking at the time period for the Civil War there are several other potential Civil War Soldiers.

In the Putnam Line we have Joseph Putnam who was born in 1823,  he would have been 38 at the onset of the war but he was already living in California and appears to have stayed out of the war. But the war affected every family and Joseph’s wife’s cousins and uncle were all involved, Mary Ann Fletcher’s uncle Lucian M. Fletcher volunteered and gave his age as 44 when he enlisted.

1850 US Census Medford, Middlesex, Massachusetts

1850 US Census Medford, Middlesex, Massachusetts

Yet in the 1850 US Census shown above (click on images to enlarge)  Lucian is listed as 45 years of age, making him closer to 56 in 1861 when he volunteered. A year later he died in New Orleans from Typhus.

30th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry from Ancestry.com

30th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry from Ancestry.com

Three of Lucian’s sons Joel M. Fletcher, Steven W. Fletcher and Thomas M. Fletcher went in to the Union army.

US Civil War Registrations 1863-1865

US Civil War Registrations 1863-1865

This is a great source because it lists their Military Regiments. Joel and Thomas were both in 39th Massachusetts while Steven was in the 22nd.

Joel died in 1864. While one record states cause of death :Typhoid Fever a newspaper clipping attributes his death to being wounded at Petersburg (in the leg).

US Registers of Deaths of Volunteers 1861-1865 from Ancestry.com

US Registers of Deaths of Volunteers 1861-1865
from Ancestry.com

Newspaper Clipping Boston Daily Advertiser Joel M. Fletcher from genealogy bank.com

Newspaper Clipping
Boston Daily Advertiser
Joel M. Fletcher from genealogy bank.com


Margaret J. Welsh was married to Lucian M. Fletcher. Massachusetts shows support was given to Margaret for her son and her husband.

Massuchusetts atown Records Payment in aid of Families of Volunteers Town of Medford from Ancestry.com

Massachusetts town Records
Payment in aid of Families of Volunteers
Town of Medford
from Ancestry.com

So far the best I can ascertain is that the three boys enlisted about  the time their father died in 1862 and while both Joel and Thomas were at Petersburg Joel dies while in the Hospital possibly not from his wound but from the fever. Thomas also is listed as having been wounded during his course of service, still researching when and how. Stevens military service may have been as short as 3 months possibly sent home after his father dies. And He and Thomas go on to marry and have families. Now those are probably another two stories.


Julia Marsh

Julia Marsh

Recently I was contacted by a DNA match on GEDMATCH. It was pretty exciting because once we figured out the relationship it solved a big hole that my sister had been working on for a couple of years. That is one of the great things about using the Internet in your genealogy research.  When you stop lurking and reach out, the connections can be awesome.

So what we were looking at was a possible fourth cousin match. As I went through D. Crooks family tree surname index I saw the name Cressey. Hummmm, sort of unusual, I have a possible Crissy on mine. So I looked at the Cressey and found on her tree that a Hannah Cressey was married to an Augustus Marsh. Whoa! Julia (Marsh) Clough Blossom’s death certificate has her father listed as “? Marsh” and her Mother as “? Crissy”. Madeleine had been working on this family line the last time we were in Salt Lake City, and had become quite frustrated with the Marsh line. One other descendant we know had the Marsh name coming from Maraschelleaux.  Madeleine had also been in contact with another research from the Three Rivers, California area where Julia had lived most of her later years. She had lots of information on Julia and Ira Blossom’s (Julia’s second Husband) children. We knew a lot about Julia and her husband Ira Blossom since their arrival in the Three Rivers area but could find no history for them prior, other than the 1850 US census for Hamburg, Erie County, New York, where Julia Marsh is in the Benjamin Clough household.

So what is the evidence that my Julia Marsh actually matches up with the Julia that was shown as a daughter to Hannah and Augustus Marsh on my Gedmatch contacts family tree?

  • The informant for Julia death certificate was “xxxxxxxxxxC. Buttman”,  Mrs. C. Buttman was Emma Blossom one of Julia’s daughter and whom Julia was living with at 2447 Mission Street, San Francisco, California, at the time of her death .
Julia Marsh Clough Blossom California death certificaate

Julia Marsh Clough Blossom California death certificaate

  • The 1850 US Census shows Julia’s place of birth as “VT” (Vermont)
1850 US Census Erie New York

1850 US Census Erie New York


  • The 1880 US Census shows both parents  of Julia born in “VT” (Vermont)
1880 US Census Mineral King, Tulare, California

1880 US Census
Mineral King, Tulare, California

So while some census’ list Julia’s place of birth as New York, others show it as Vermont. D. Crooks  indicated that Hannah (Cressey) moved to New York soon after the birth in Vermont of her daughter Julia.

Both Hannah Cressey and Augustus Marsh were born in Vermont.

Julia Marsh’s death certificate shows her date of birth simply as Sept 1835 and her place of birth New York City. But it also list the place of birth for both her parents as New York. It also says that Julia had lived in California for 60 years. Taking all this as a second hand account or even a possible third hand account. If Julia died in 1922 at the age of 87, that would mean that she arrived in California in 1862. Yet we have her marriage to Ira Blossom in California in 1860. so maybe she had been in the state since 1860 and not for 60 years or maybe it was an estimate.

In the 1880 Census Ira Blosson’s place of birth is Illinois while her parents are shown as both being from Vermont. And Julia’s place of birth is shown as New York and both her parents are listed as being born in Vermont. Both Ira and Julia are shown as 47 years of age in this census which was taken in June of 1880 is in keeping with Julia’s birth date in Sept  of 1832 so she would not be 48 until three months later. Three years different from the Death Certificate.

In the 1910 US Census Julia and Ira Blossom are still on their property in Three Rivers. Here Julia is 74 years of age and indicated she has been married for 50 years, She also indicates here that she was born in Vermont as well as both of her parents.

1910 US Census Lemon Cove , South fork of the Kaweah Road, California

1910 US Census
Lemon Cove , South fork of the Kaweah Road, California

The 1900 US Census does not list Ira and Julia Blossom in Kaweah Township and on-line I could not find a enumeration for the area known as Three Rivers or Lemon Cove. But we know they are more than likely there because Ira Blosson is listed in the Voter registration for 1896 with a Three Rivers Post Office address. Going back to the 1870 US Census they are found in Farmersville with no new information.

1860 US Census Scotsburg, Fresno County, California

1860 US Census Scotsburg, Fresno County, California

In the 1860 Census the only thing we can glean from this is that they were in California by July of 1860 and appear married.

We have in the 1850 US Census Julia Marsh in the household with her soon to be first husband, Orson Clough, and his family, in Hamburg Erie Co. New York. Julia is listed as 18  in August of 1850. Again that places her birth in 1831 or 1832.

Now looking at the information on Hannah and Augustus March from D. Crooks. Hannah was born in 1782 and would have been about 49 to 53 when Julia was born. Kind of late in life for Hannah but she had 10 children according to D. Crooks records. The date on D. Crooks tree for Julia is 2 Sept. 1831. Sept also listed as the month that Julia was born on her death certificate.

So while the evidence is not conclusive neither my sister nor I have found any other possibilities and the biggest piece of evidence was that I found no other names in D. Crooks family tree that match names in my family tree, and we are shown as third to fourth cousin match on Gedmatch.

Krebbles or Grebbles

Krebbles or Grebbles

Last month when we went to the workshops on Volga Germans I tried a “krebbles” sample that Sandra Stalter, a Canadian, brought to share during the session of traditional cuisine from the area that families still make. I had also asked my mother-in-law for some family recipes. She sent a few pages from a cookbook that had some of the recipes like her mother cooked for the family. This also included several Grebble recipes that were all similar to the Krebble recipe.

Recipes celebrating Volga German heritage in 1976

Recipes celebrating Volga German heritage in 1976

recipes from Cookbook

1 cup heavy sweet or sour cream at room temp. ( I used sour cream)

4 eggs at room temp.

3 cups of flour

2 Tbsp Sugar

2tsp Baking powder

1/2 tsp soda, if sour cream is used (which I used)

Canola oil

Since the recipe that my mother-in law marked, included 1/2 tsp allspice, I included some for a little more flavor.

Sift together flour sugar, salt, baking powder, and soda if using sour cream.

 There was no amount in this recipe for salt but from the Grebble recipes it calls for a pinch of salt so that was what I used.

Separate eggs. Beat whites in a bowl .

With same beaters whip the cream slightly.

With the same beater, combine egg yokes and sugar until lemon colored.

Since I had already used the 2 Tbsp of sugar when I sifted the dry ingredients I used another tbsp. of sugar with the egg yokes.

Gently combine yokes, whites, and cream.

Combine flour mixture and cream mixture. First with fork then with hands. The dough will be soft.

Put on flour board and work in 1/2 cup more flour.

I worked this in by dusting the pastry cloth with flour and then kneading the dough to work the flour in evenly.

Put aside in a covered bowl for 2 hours.

After 2 hours it was really late so I covered the bowl with plastic wrap and put in the refrigerator over night. The next day I took it out and let it come to room temperature.

On a flour surface, roll out dough to 1/4″ thick. cut into 3″X5″ rectangles. and cut two slits in ea. strip.

By trial and error I ended up cutting the slits at an angle.

Lay pieces on a floured surface

Heat 2″ of canola oil in heavy pot. Temperature is sufficient when small piece of dough browns in 1 min.

I tested the temperature of the oil and found it to be about 350ºF.

Gently lift each Krebble, pull dough through slits and place in hot oil. Several can go in the pot at a time. Brown each side then dry on paper towel.

I pulled a corner of the dough through each slot. and then using a strainer spoon gently slid it into the hot oil. I allowed each to cook about  30 seconds on each side or until golden brown then turned them over.

Serve with icing sugar.

I dusted with powdered sugar but think they would be better rolled in the powdered sugar.

This recipe is from Sandra Stelter.

The final product looks beautiful. They really puffed up in the cooking oil and I might have needed to add more oil for the last one or two. They were not real sweet and that is why I think I would like them rolled in the sugar. The overnight refrigerating did not appear to effect the final product. They look a lot like a free form doughnut. While they took a while to make they have very simple ingredients and were not complicated. If you try making let me know what you think.


Attending a genealogy workshop can

  • reignite your research.
  • provide you with more contacts of individuals with similar interest.
  • introduce you to new resources.
  • expose you to new methods of researching.

Have you heard of TL:DR? This is what may happen when confronted with a long dissertation to read in your family history research. It is TOO LONG therefore DIDN’T READ.

Attending a workshop on a specific group in your family line can give you a more personal connection and some specifics you may have missed due to TL:DR.

  • you may find a new friend and/or a new to you cousin.

This past week my husband and I spent three days in Leavenworth Washington attending workshops on “The Volga Germans”, presented by Concordia University Center for Volga German Studies (CVGS).

Leavenworth Washington

Leavenworth Washington

Leavenworth is situated on the eastern side of the Cascade mountains on US Hwy 2. It was a very appropriate setting for our German Heritage workshops since the picturesque town is styled like a Bavarian village.

This year is the 250th anniversary of the beginning  trek of many immigrating Germans to the Volga River area in Russia. CVGS is puting on 9 events around the country as a celebration for this auspicious anniversary. They have four  more coming up between June and the end of October. For more information visit their website at http://cvgs.cu-portland.edu/index.cfm.  I suggest if you have any Volga Germans in your family tree you should try to attend one of these upcoming events. This particular workshops gave

  •  an overview of the History of why our ancestors may have made the decision to accept “Catharine the Great’s” invitation to immigrate to Russia in the 1760’s.
  • What the geography of the region tells us.
  • A sampling of the food that our ancestors traditionally made.
  • The Volga Germans of  South America.
  • the 1941 Deportation.

I had read several books on the Volga Germans and done some research on my own in libraries and online in addition to asking my mother-in law questions. I was very interested in the history and the family connections to this remote region in southwestern USSR even though the connection is my husbands maternal grandparents. It was to me very interesting, yet I was not seeing the interest and enthusiasm when I shared what I learned with my husband Roy.

Last year I did  blogs on Johann Christoph Bender  and Nicholas Schneider. These were Roy’s original immigrants to the Volga River region. I was able to trace the lines through the 1857, 1834 and 1764-67 census’ for the Kratzke colony. These census provided some great information but unfortunately few maiden names. So I had gone to the workshops hoping to discover a means of determining the maiden names in these lines.

At this conference I not only learned  a great deal more from an expert on the Volga Germans, but my husband, who is not a genealogist and has limited interest, was an enthusiastic and captivated participant.  The whipped cream on this dessert was that we met several distant cousins. Now the cherry on top was the main speaker Dr. Brent Mai.

Dr. Mai sat down with us and shared his family research where it tied into my husbands line. He had some of those maiden names that I was looking for and footnotes indicating an 1897 census as a source. That census was after our Benders had left Russia but not all of the family left for America. Another reminder that there is more to be found in an area even once your family has moved on.

I had the family lines back six generations and Dr. Mai has two lines back 14 generations. Not a Schneider or a Bender but I now have more clues  and lots more to work on in this very interesting branch that has developed into a huge segment of the Bender family tree.






A Putnam family recipe

What is your favorite family recipe? For me it was what my family called Spanish Steak. I can just smell it frying. Spanish Steak cooking

Now mind you we have absolutely no Spanish blood but still my father’s mother made what the family called Spanish Steak. Where this recipe came from I can only speculate. We lived in California and my father’s family had come during the gold rush and his mothers side had mostly been there for several generations also. Maybe it was from the early Spanish Californians or the later immigrants from the Azors that were the family’s neighbor.  My fathers mother was known to me simply as Gay. Now Gay was not a sophisticated woman. She was a ranchers wife and what we would have called tough as nails. She loved her flowers and belonged to the Visalia garden club. Like most women of her generation she spent lots of time in the kitchen and while she was not a fancy cook she got most of the basics correct. Her kitchen was not large, but it had a large round oak table at one end. The stove was to the right by the back door and the sink and drain board was directly accross from the table while the refrigerator was to the left next to the opening into the living room. Gay was a short woman I do not think she was much over five feet tall. She always wore a dress and most often she had a large bib style apron on over her dress. If we were having Spanish steak we would more then likely also have asparagus and roasted potatoes.Spanish Steak

Putnam Family Spanish Steak

1 lb. beef Round Steak  1/2″ thick

1 egg beaten

2 tablespoons of water

1/2 cup flour

1 teaspoon cayenne pepper or to taste

salt and peper

Cut meat into 2 serving -size pieces. Place meat between  2 pieces of plastic wrap. Pound lightly with meat mallet until well tenderized, remove plastic wrap.

In a shallow dish combine egg and water.  In another shallow pan combine flour, cayenne and salt and pepper. dip meat into flour mixture then egg mixture and then again into flour mixture.

In a cast iron skillet cook meat in hot oil over medium heat until brown, turning once.



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