Putnam/ Dougherty family genealogy

Posts tagged ‘Anna Elizabeth Schneider’

52 Ancestors – Discovering the original Schneider emigrant to Russia

Schneider Family route  Brandenburg, Salzwedel to Kratzke, Saratov, Russia

Schneider Family route
Brandenburg, Salzwedel to Kratzke, Saratov, Russia            (click on image to enlarge)

This week I have spent some time reviewing the information on my husbands family that emigrated from the German colonies along the Volga river in Russia. Due to traveling I have fallen behind in my blogging with Amy Johnson Crows themes – 52 Ancestors.
Last December during my research trip to Salt Lake City. I collected the information from three different census that occurred in the Saratov region of Russia the Bender’s and Schneider’s were from.

My husbands grandmother Anna Elizabeth Schneider came to the United States with her father Friedrich and step-mother Katharina , they left their home in Kratzke, District of Saratov, Russia for the United States about February 1899. The Census for 1857 dated 29 November  lists 9 Schneider family groups. Looking for a Friedrich Schneider 8 years old born in  June of 1848. Using the translated census from Brent Mai, Concordia University, Portland Oregon, Copyrighted 2005 by Dynasty Publishing, Beaverton, Oregon. We find Friedrich np (nephew) age 7.

1857 Census Kratzke

1857 Census Kratzke (transcribed)

This is the only Friedrich Schneider in this census.

Georg Friedrich Schneider (33 years of age) is the brother of the head of the household. Katharina Elisabeth (33) is listed as sisl (sister-in-law) to the head of the household.

Since Katharina is listed below Georg Friedrich we can assume that she is his wife. And those below them their children. Which includes Maria Elisabeth (12), Katharina (9), Friedrich and Johann Georg (4). Three more bothers in the Johann Jakob Schneider household are also listed with their families.

Using the two brothers names we look in the 1834 Census for the Schneider family. Again I used the translated census from Brent Mai. What is convenient is that the household # listed  in the 1857 census lists what the household # was in the earlier census. So in the 1834 census we find the household # 18 is the Georg Friedrich Schneider family.

 

1834 Census Kratske (transcribed)

1834 Census Kratske (transcribed)

Where Georg and Johann’s middle names inadvertently switched. The ages are not quite right according to the 1857 census. But the family names are rather consistent otherwise.

Stepping back to the earlier census taken soon after the colony was settled, there are two (2) Schneider families in this earliest census. the Dewald Schneider (37) w/ wife Anna Maria (28) and son Johann Adam (13). Johann Adam Schneider is found in the 1834 census having died in 1823 and counted in the 1816 census as being 63. That is so close that we can discount Dewald as our colonist. That leaves Nicolaus Schneider (38), Lutheran, coming from Brandenburg, Satzwedel with his wife Maria Katharina son Johann Friedrich (1/2) and stepson Johann Heinrich (4).

This same process can be used to trace other lines from Kratzke.

In reviewing the information on the family from Wilma and John Akers the listing of birth places  are all over the place, but the information states that Friedrich Schneider and Maria Katharina (Schrader) were married in Kratzke Russia in 1871. Therefore I am going with this lineage until I find out otherwise.

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52 Ancestors #31 Anna Elizabeth Schneider German/Russian Connection part 2

My Husbands grandmother was Anna Elizabeth Schneider she was born 9 April 1885 in Russia to Freidrich and Maria Katharina (Schrader) Schneider. The couple (Fred and Maria) had been married in Kratska, Russia in 1871.

http://cvgs.cu-portland.edu/settlements/mother_colonies/colony_kratzke.cfm
Maria Katharina died sometime between 1892 and 1894. Freidricich remarried a Katherine Elizabeth Muhlberger Schrader 24 October 1894.
In early 1899 through the help of an agency Freidrich Schneider and many members of his family including Anna Elizabeth (my husbands grandmother) left for America. On the ship Anna became quite ill and her hair fell out. There was a priest on board that gave her last rites and the story goes that it was assumed she was dying and the ship bells were rung, but she did not die. They landed in Mexico in April of 1899 and worked for six months in the banana fields to pay for their passage. From Mexico they travelled by cart and foot up through the southwest to the state of Kansas where they made their home. Several members of the party made their home in Russell while Freidrich and Katherine (Lizzie) and their unmarried children traveled on to Bazine Kansas. Bazine was where a brother of Freidrich’s first wife (Maria Katharina) was living.

Anna Elizabeth was just 14 when the family settled in Kansas. Many girls her age would already have quit school and she was definitely at a disadvantage with little to no English. Since many of her relatives had settled in Russell , the family visited back and forth and thus we can assume that Anna meet her future husband. The communities had quite a large number of Volga German families.  These families ancestors had taken the invitation of ‘Catherine the Great’ to immigrate to Russia and develop farms on the lower Volga River some time between 1764 and 1772. Colonies were settled along the Volga River near Saratov, Russia. This had been at the end of the Seven Year War that left many in Germany devastated and looking for a fresh start. The initial invitation to immigrate to Russia guaranteed no taxes for 30 years and they would be free of serving in the Russian military.  Their first years were difficult with the starting of the colonies, starting farms, and constructing housing. The colonies were organized based on religions some were Catholic and others were Lutheran. They mostly kept apart from their Russian neighbors, maintaining their German language and traditions.

1871 Tsar Alexander 11 rescinded the Volga Germans exemption from Military service.

1891 & 1892 Russia was hit with a great Famvine in the Volga region, 500,000 Russians die. Was Anna’s mother a victim of this great famine?

1894 Tsar Alexander 111 dies and Nicholas 11 becomes Tsar

1899 Freidrich Schneider Family leaves Russia.

 

Mary Bender, Anna Schneider, Molly Bender Amelia Bender, and Lena Bender  1904

Mary Bender, Anna Schneider, Molly Bender Amelia Bender, and Lena Bender
1904

Anna married Henry P. Bender 19 October 1903. See my earlier entry for Henry and the other family members at (https://putnamsisters.wordpress.com/2014/09/14/52-ancestor-28-henry-p-bender-germanrussian-connection-part-1/)  Their first child Amelia was born 29 July 1904. Henry and Anna went on to raise 9 children plus a nephew. They lived and farmed in the Russell and Bunker Hill area until they retired and moved to Waldo, KS. in 1935. They were living in Waldo when Anna’s husband Henry suffered a stroke and died in 1960. In 1964 Anna moved to Brookville, KS and lived with her daughter Amelia and son-in-law Orlin Bean. While living with her daughter, Anna attended the United Methodist Women’s Society and worked on their sewing project of Cancer Pads for two hospitals in Salina. She is noted to have sewn 26,112 cancer pads during that time.

Anna Elisabeth (Schneider) Bender died 13 December 1976

 

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